Hairath(Shivratri)

Once Jabbar Khan, the Afgan Governor , continuing the Islamic-proselytism and hegemony,  banned the Kashmiri-Pandits from celebrating “Shiv-ratri” on the usual day(normally feb-March). KP’s believed that Rain and Snow will definitely accompany “Hearath” .To break their faith in the myth accompanying “Hearath”, He ordered that  Shivratri should be celebrated instead in June-july. Distressly, KP’s were forced to abide the tyrannical-dictum. To the surprise of everyone, though, that year, the Shivratri was observed in June-july, It snowed in the valley of Kashmir that day, and the belief of KP’s in their religion strengthened and increased manifold.

During the last 25 years-in exile, My memories of celebrating the “Hearath” or “Shivratri”(in Kashmir) have faded to an extent. But the feeling of the “Heart” in Kashmir is still fresh. The smell of the burning “Kantgun”,  the havan, cold water-soaked-walnuts. The happy faces of my family. “Hearath Kharach”. “Haare”(shells).The shrilled voices of the exciting-children of our neighborhood. The weather. Rain and snow. The fervor. ….

Shivratri normally begins from the lunar calendar of Falgun Krishan paksh-Dwadishi/Triodishi(12 or 13th day of descending moon) and  culminate on falgun-paksh-Amavasya(new-moon).

In Kashmir, My Grandfather would be pre-occupied whole day on Haerath. First with the preparations of the pooja, and then with the actual pooja. It would take him anything between 4-7 hours to go through the intricacies and religious-hymns of the festival .During the pooja, of and on, he would look down towards his right and read the shlokas from the Pooja-Book. And if anybody , accidentally, interrupted him , while he was amidst  chanting the sacred mantras, He would get agitated and would shout loudly, “ Keep quiet, Don’t you see I am chanting the Mantras.” After the pooja was over, his face would reflect a sense of  accomplishment.

Mother and Grandmother would be busy whole day, mostly in the kitchen, during the festival of “Hearath”, that would last for 3 consecutive days. On religious occasions such as “Hairath”, I recall them smearing the floors with the mixture of special-clay(gurut maicz) and cow-dung.( This is still a regular-practice in the rural-India.).There used to be a unit of 2-3  earthen-Chulhas(Stoves) in our old house. These dry-wood-fuelled Stoves would only be used on special occasions and festivals. And Shivratri definitely topped the chart of religious festivals of Kashmiri-Pandits. In new house, However, there was no “Chula”, but the floor of the room where the “stahpana” and ritual had to be performed was smeared.

Children would wait impatiently for Salaam(13th or 14th day of Falgun-Krishan Paksh). “Hearath-Kharach”-Money to be spent away-was given by the elders to the young.(This is still widely practiced).The celebrations would culminate on the Amavasya(New-moon).

Over the years, I have seen 24 “hearath’s” outside the valley. Since, I didn’t had my own house after being forced-exiled in my own country, I have changed as many as 5 houses and as many different locations. But, my elders always made it sure, as is in our traditional ritual, to leave Shiva and his consort alone in the room, where  we do staphana(invoke and arrange the Shiv-parivar in a particular manner), even when my whole family of eight was living in a small quarter of 2 rooms.

I am a link between the past and the future. I feel blessed to have seen and lived with my elders, not only in Kashmir but elsewhere also. The elders have mystically carried on the Kashmir, in their own-self. The aura of “Kashmir-ness” is visibly written over them. So are their stories of Kashmir and the unique tradition of “Hearath”.

In Kashmir, our compound comprised of two independent houses with at least 40 members. It used to abuzz with the activity and energy of not only my whole family, but our neighbors too. The “Prasaad”-in the form of walnuts was distributed amongst the in-laws of my Aunts as well as neighbors. The Muslim shopkeepers and Children would often pester us to give them our days old water-soaked-walnuts.

However, Today, most of us are scattered all over the Globe. The prasaad of walnuts are still handed over to the in-laws of our Daughters and Aunts, in case they live in the same city.Otherwise, Walnuts are couriered to the family members in  various parts of India and Globe. Almost all Pandit-neighbors of Kashmir are forgotten and seldom are walnuts sent over to them. Nonetheless, they form a part of  sweet memory of the “Shiv-ratri” that was once celebrated with zeal in the valley.

Today, I am celebrating 25th “Hairath” outside Kashmir, like most of KP’s. Preparations have already started since yesterday .Kalash, Kand, flowers, wood for havan etc is ready and the pooja will start today at around 6.00 p.m and will last till 10 or 10.30 p.m.

But for strange reasons; I am thinking about how it might have looked in Kashmir today. If I would have been in Kashmir; though still cold, the windows would have  been opened today and the fresh cold-air would rush-in and titillate  the chocked walls of the first floor. Sometimes the occasional sunshine would tease the freshly-drenched soil and its  sparkle on the quagmire would look like the shining-jewels. The passing clouds over my house would block the sunshine for a while and the wind would then merrily swing it away over the mountains…..

I do not know, how many more “Haeraths” will a KP  have to spend outside Kashmir. History is a witness to the seven exoduses of Kashmiri Pandits. It is also a witness that the “KP’s” did come back although their numbers dwindled with each exodus. I pray to Shiva, today, on “Hairath”, and ask for his “Anugrah”(Blessings) to the entire KP community..

A Muslim friend just whatsapped me that it is raining today in the plains of Kashmir and snowing in upper reaches of Kashmir. The legend of Hairath lives on.

Happy Hairath to all…

 

2 Comments

  1. admin
    Posted February 17, 2015 at 11:35 am | Permalink | Reply

    Sh.S.S.Toshkhani’s fb post…

    “Herath” is derived from Skt. “Hararaatri” , or the Night Of Hara — Hara being another name of Shiva. Please do not distort it to “Hairat” supposed to have been uttered by the Afghan governor Jabbar Khan. The Afghans ruled over Kashmir from 1752 to 1819. Was the festival not celebrated before his time? If so, by which name? Where is it recorded that that Jabbar Khan, who is said to have asked Kashmiri Pandits to celebrate Shivaratri in the month of Ashadha, uttered the word “hairat” when he was wonder-struck on seeing snow to fall in that month also? Before whom did he utter this word? And how could the most important of KP festivals have been named after that supposed expression of his? Please note that according to the Nilamata Purana Shivaratri was celebrated on Chaturdashi or the fourteenth of the dark half of Phalguna (February-March) as in the rest of India. It was only when the Shaiva Tantric cult of Svacchanda Bhairava spread , perhaps sometime in the 7th century or earlier, that it became a Bhairavotsava and came to be celebrated on Trayodashi. On the this day Shiva or Svacchandanatha is said to have appeared in the form of a column of fire before Vatuka / Batuka Bhairava and Rama Bhairava sent by Mahadevi to confront Shiva. The Jwalaalinga or Column of Fire appeared at Pradoshakaala or the evening twilight of Trayodahsi or the thirteenth. The Jwalalinga subsided on the Chaturdashi morning after Mahadevi along with Vatuka Bhairava and Rama Bhairava merged with it, failing to find its beginning or end. The story is given by me very briefly and is actually much longer than this. Ita is given in Tantric texts of Kashmir like the Harihara-vaasara Vinoda, Dharma Chintanmani, Maheshvara Kalpa, Shiva Samhita, Yogini Tantra, Siddhanta Tantra, Vamakeshvara Tantra etc. “Shivaraatri Nirnaya” by Shivopadhyaaya is also a relevant text. Vatuka / Batuka Bhairava was a mind-born son of Mahadevi, the Great Goddess. The story in a little different form is given in the Bhringish Samhita also. Please note that the term “Bhairava” in Kashmir Shaivism refers to the Supreme Being. The complete story is given by me in my book “Rites and Ritals of Kashmiri Brahmins” and also the main aspects of Shivaraatri Puja. We certainly do not worship “hairat” or “wonder’ on Herath day. The Sonipotul is the aniconic form of the five-faced Svacchanda Bhairava.

  2. Sanjiv
    Posted February 19, 2015 at 6:20 pm | Permalink | Reply

    The onus is on the KP’s to preserve their tradition. The community must keep together and survive as a single unit.

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