Monthly Archives: May 2015


According to Abhinavgupta, There are five Kalas(phases) and 118 Bhuvanas(planes).   1.Nivritti Kala:This kala constitutes the Earth element(prithvi tattva) and has 16 Bhuvanas or planes of existenance.The lowest plane of Nivritti Kala is called Kalagni-rudra- Bhuvana.Kshemraja has reffered this Bhuvana as “Kalagnyadeh” 2.Pratishta Kala:This is the second Kala.This constitutes 23 tattvas(elements) i.e from jala tattva(water […]