Daily Archives: June 9, 2008

kashmir shaivism(trika philosophy)


Kashmir Shaivism(trika philosophy)
“Let Shiva, who is my Self, let Shiva do pranam (bow down) to his real nature – to Universal Shiva, by his own Shakti, for removing the bondage and limitation, which is Shiva.” BY Swami laksmanjoo

“Trika philosophy is situated in the heart of that supreme energy of God consciousness. It teaches you to realize that this whole objective world, which is already in front of you, is not separate from God consciousness. You do not have to realize God situated in some seventh heaven. God and the individual are one, to realize this is the essence of Shaivism.”by Swami laksmanjoo


Kashmir Shaivism flourished around 900 ce in Kashmir. Often Abhinavgupta is creditided for bringing out the philosophy of Kashmir Shaivism. Abhinavagupta, was the great Kashmirian Shaiva theologian. Abhinavagupta lived from about 975 to 1025 CE. His father Vimala and his mother Narasimhagupta conceived him in Kaula ritual. He was descended from Atrigupta, a brahman scholar brought to Kashmir by King Lalitaditya (c. 724 to 760). His father was a learned Shaiva and trained his son in grammar, logic, and hermeneutics. His mother died when he was a child and he considered this the start of his spiritual progress. Becoming filled with devotion to Shiva, he gave up thoughts of marriage and led the life of a student in the homes of Shaiva scholars.

The teachings of Kashmir Shaivism are derived from the ninety-two Tantras, also known as Agamas, revealed by Lord Siva in the form of a dialog between himself and the Divine Mother. Of these Tantras, sixty-four are considered purely monistic, eighteen are monistic-cum-dualistic, and ten are dualistic. Kashmir Shaivism derives its teachings from the sixty-four monistic Tantras, known as the Bhairava Tantras, the essence of which is called ‘Trika Shaivism’.

The philosophy of Kashmir Shaivism was passed on from master to disciple orally and Swami laksmanjoo was direct descendant in the unbroken chain of Masters of this oral tradition.








Lal ded is considered as one of the greatest Holywomen,Sufi,Yogi,poet of Kashmir.It is believed that Lal Ded was born in 1355 in Pandrethan to a Kashmiri Pandit family. Even as a child, Lalla was wise and religious-minded. She was married at the age of 12.Her mother-in-law was very cruel and treated her very badly.Even her husband treated her badly.She renounced the family at the age of 26 and became a devotee of lord shiva. Her verse are known as lal vakh in kashmiri and are a source of her wisdom as well as philosophy of Kashmir shaivism.
As on today Kashmir shaivism is on the verge of extinction and very few people are left who actually know this philosophy.

Some of the verses of lalleshwari(lal-ded) are written below:

Thousand times I asked my guru

A thousand times I asked my guru,
‘The name of the One who is known by No-thing’,
Tired and exhausted was I, asking time and again;
Out of Nothing emerged Something, bewildering and great

Coursing in emptiness

Coursing in emptiness,
I, Lalla,
dropped off body and mind,
and stepped into the Secret Self.

Look: Lalla the sedgeflower
blossomed a lotus.

For a moment I suppressed the bellows of respiration

For a moment I suppressed the bellows of respiration,
Lo and behold! The Lamp lit up brightly and I realized my Self!
The light within me sparkled out;
In the encompassing darkness, I seized at It and gripped It tightly
Give up imagining that the skill of killing desire, and meditating on the Self are too costly to buy;

He stands close by you



He stands close by you! Do not look for Him far away.
The void was dissolved in the Void!Searched for my self
searched for my Self
until I grew weary,

but no one, I know now,
reaches the hidden knowledge
by means of effort.

Then, absorbed in “Thou art This,”
I found the place of Wine.

There all the jars are filled,
but no one is left to drink.



There is neither YOU,nor I

There is neither you, nor I; neither the object of meditation, nor the process of meditation;
The Father of all action forgot Himself there.
The blind did not see any relationship and support there,
The devout merged with Him, the moment they saw the Lord!



When my mind was cleansed of impurities, like a mirror of its dust and dirt,
I recognized the Self in me:
When I saw Him dwelling in me,
I realized that He was the Everything and I was nothing.
(these verses by lal-ded have been translated by Mr.B.N.Parimoo from kashmiri to english language.)